1.Hyderabad the city of Nizam





ASIF JAHI DYNASTY (1724 - 1948)

The seven rulers of the Asif Jahi Dynasty

In 1724 Nizam-ul-Mulk Asif Jah I founded the Asif Jahi Dynasty and seven generations of the family ruled the Deccan for 224 years upto 1948. During this period several buildings of archaeological and public importance were built. Notable among them are: Purani Haveli, Chow Mahalla Palace, Osmania University, Jubilee Hall, Assembly Building, Asifia Library, Osmania Hospital, High Court, and all the buildings in the Public Garden.

The origins of the Asif Jahi dynasty can be traced to Chin Qalich Khan who was the grandfather of the first Nizam and the commander of the Mughal army during Aurangzeb’s reign. Chin Qalich Khan led the attack of the Mughal army into the Deccan under his Emperor’s ambitious plans of expanding the Mughal empire. During Aurangzeb’s last siege of Golconda in 1687, Chin Qalich Khan was wounded. He died in Atapur village near Himayath Sagar.
Chin Qalich Khan’s son, Nawab Ghaziuddin Khan, married the daughter of Sadullah Khan, Prime Minister of Aurangzeb. A son was born, and the Emperor named him Mir Qumaruddin. At the age of six, Mir Qumaruddin accompanied his father to the Mughal court. Aurangzeb awarded him a mansab, and said to his father, “The star of destiny shines on the forehead of your son”. Mir Qumaruddin displayed considerable skill as a warrior and at the age of nineteen, the Emperor bestowed on him the title “Chin Fateh Khan”. At 26, he was appointed Commander in Chief and Viceroy, first at Bijapur, then Malwa and later of the Deccan.
Subsequently, the Mughal empire declined. There was much confusion after the death of Aurangzeb, and Mir Qumaruddin established his position as Viceroy Farukh Siar who was the Mughal Emperor for a brief tenure conferred on Mir Qumaruddin the title Nizam-ul-mulk Fateh Jung. He thus became the first Nizam. A subsequent Emperor, Muhammad Shah bestowed on him the title Asif Jah. The dynasty of the Nizams of Hyderabad thus came to be known as the Asif Jahi Dynasty.
Unrest and claims to the throne continued after the death of Aurangzeb, and amidst the general confusion, Asif Jah had little difficulty in asserting his independence from the weak occupants of the Delhi throne. At that time, Asif Jah was the Sudedar of Malwa. However, his independence was the cause of much jealousy, and the Delhi court secretly instructed Mubrez Khan, the Subedar of the Deccan, to oppose him. A battle was fought at Shakar-Khelda in the district of Berer in 1724, where Mubrez Khan was defeated and killed. This battle established Asif Jah's supremacy in the Deccan. After gaining independence, Asif Jah came to be known as Nizam-ul-Mulk. He first set up his capital at Auragabad but later moved to Hyderabad, which became the capital of the Asif Jahi dynasty.
Nizam-ul-Mulk's greatest achievement was the foundation of the Hyderabad Dominion. He attained his object by waging a struggle against the Marhattas and by the policy of non-involvement in the rivalry for power between the British and the French. His policy has been justified by later events as Hyderabad state survived right through the period of British rule upto the time of Indian independence.
Asif Jah ruled wisely and established an independent state in the Deccan. He was one of the ablest statesmen. However, his death at Burhanpur on 21st May 1748 at the age of 78, was followed by a struggle for the throne. By this time, foreign powers were spreading their tentacles. Asif Jah's second son Nasir Jung was supported by the British whereas Muzafar Jung, grandson of Asif Jah, was supported by the French. Nasir Jung succeeded; but after a brief rule he was slain in 1750 in an encounter with the French troops at Arcot. Thereupon, Muzafar Jung ascended the throne. In the following year he was murdered and his son Salabath Jung was put on the throne. In 1762 Salabeth Jung was dethroned by his brother Nizam Ali Khan, and confined at Bidar where he died in 1793.
Hence, Nasir Jung, Muzafar Jung and Salabath Jung, who were contestants for the sovereignty of the Deccan in the short span of thirteen years between the death of Asif Jah and accession of Nizam Ali Khan, have not been historically recognised as reigning Nizams. If they had been, Nizam Ali Khan would have been known as the fifth Nizam and not the second.
Nizam Ali Khan ascended the throne in 1763 and he ruled Hyderabad for almost forty years. This was one of the eventful periods in the history of India. Foremost among competitors for supremacy in the Deccan were the Marhattas and it was during this period that the famous French adventurer Monsieur Raymond was employed by Nizam Ali Khan.
Nizam Ali Khan died in August 1803 at the age of 72 years after a long and strenuous reign.
The succession of Sikandar Jah as Nizam was undisputed and he appointed Mir Alam as his Prime Minister. With the accession to the throne by Sikander Jah and end of war with the Marhattas, there commenced an entirely new era for Hyderabad. Unfortunately in 1808 the able Minister Mir Alam died and it was he who was responsible for maintaining good relations wit the British. In 1809, Mir Alam’s son Munir-ul-Mulk was appointed as Minister.
Sikander Jah died in May 1829 at the age of 62 after reigning for almost 26 years. Secunderabad was named after him. Sikander Jah was succeeded by his eldest son Nasir-ud-Daula. It was during his reign that Salar Jung was appointed as the Minister in 1853. Salar Jung guided the affairs of the Deccan with great wisdom and introduced several reforms to improve the finances of the Dominion.
On 17 May 1857 Nasir-ud-Daula died and his son Afzal-ud-Daula became the fifth Nizam. This was the first time the first war of Indian Independence was fought in the North and there was general disorder in the Deccan.
After a reign of twelve years, Afzal-ud-Daula expired on 26 February 1869 at the young age of forty three years, leaving behind the infant prince Mir Mahboob Ali Khan who was hardly three years old.
Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, who was born on 18 August 1866, was the only son of Afzal-ud-Daula. He was installed on the masnad by the British Resident and Sir Salar Jung, who also acted as the co-regent. Salar Jung died in 1883 and a provisional council, consisting of five members, with Mahboob Ali Khan as president and Mir Laiq Ali Khan, son of Salar Jung, as secretary was appointed for administrative purposes.
Special attention was paid to the education of Mahboob Ali Khan. With the concurrence of Salar Jung, Capt. John Clerk was appointed as his tutor. However, the personality of Salar Jung had a great influence on his life. Brought up under the guidance of this great statesman, Mahboob Ali Khan grew in his later years to be one of the greatest rulers of his time. He was a respected and dignified personality and was popularly know as ‘Mahboob Ali Pasha’. He died on Tuesday 31 August 1911.
Mir Osman Ali Khan, the seventh and the last Nizam of Hyderabad ruled for 37 years (1911 - 1948). His Dominion was lager than England and Scotland put together, with an area of 86,000 Sq. miles.
The seventh Nizam led a very simple life, yet he was one of the richest men in the world. He donated generously to every cause in India as well as abroad irrespective of caste and religion. If it was the Muslim theological school at Deoband which received financial help, it was also the privilege of the Benaras Hindu University. His list of donations included Rabindranth Tagore’s Shantiniketan and several other institutions including hospitals, schools, for famine relief, etc. The golden temple in Amritsar also enjoyed an annual donation.
The Nizam’s rule saw the growth of Hyderabad economically and culturally. Electricity, railways, roads and airways developed. Huge reservoirs and irrigation projects such as the Tungabhadra, and Nizamsagar were completed. The early work on Nagarjunasagar was undertaken. The Osmania University, Colleges and Schools were founded throughout the state. Nearly all the public buildings currently in such as the Osmania General Hospital, High Court, Central State Library, Assembly Hall, Jubilee Hall and other buildings in the Public Garden were built during Osman Ali Khan’s reign.

Soon after India gained independence in 1947, all princely states were invited to join the Republic. Nizam VII was reluctant to do so; but in 1948, after the Police Action, Hyderabad state was merged into the Indian Union. Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam, died on Friday 24 February 1967. It was end of the princely era.   


Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII..

Mir asad Ali Khan Chin Chilich Khan Nizam-Ul-Mulk Asaf Jah VII
The Nizam of Hyderabad MP GCSI GBE
ReignNizam: 1911–1948
Titular Nizam: 1948–1967
Coronation18 September 1911
UrduUrduمیر عثمان علی خان
Born6 April 1886
BirthplacePurani HaveliHyderabad,Hyderabad StateBritish India
(now in Andhra PradeshIndia)
Died24 February 1967 (age 80)
Place of deathKing Kothi PalaceHyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
BuriedJudi Mosque, King Kothi Palace,Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
PredecessorMahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI
SuccessorMonarchy abolished
(Pretender:Mukarram Jah)
ConsortDulhan Pasha Begum, among many others
IssueAzamMoazzam, and at least 18 other sons and 19 daughters
Royal HouseAsaf Jahi Dynasty
FatherMahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI
MotherAmat-uz-Zahrunnisa Begum
Religious beliefsIslam

His Exalted Highness Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi GCSIGBE Asaf Jah VII (Urduآصف جاہ‎), born Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur(Urduعثمان علی خان بہادر‎; 6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad and of Berar. He ruled Hyderabad between 1911 and 1948, until it was merged into India. He was styled His Exalted Highness The Nizam of Hyderabad.[1]
During his days as Nizam, he was reputed to be the richest man in the world, having a fortune estimated at US$2 billion in the early 1940s ($33.3 billion in today dollars) or 2 per cent of the US economy then. At that time the treasury of the newly independent Union government of India reported annual revenue of US$1 billion only. He was featured on the cover of TIME magazine, portrayed as such. The Nizam is widely believed to have remained as the richest man in South Asia until his death in 1967, though his fortunes fell to US$1 billion by then and became a subject of multiple legal disputes between bitterly fighting rival descendants. His wealth include a vast private treasury. Its coffers were said to contain £100m in gold and silver bullion, and a further £400m of jewels. Among them was the fabulously rare Jacob Diamond, valued at some £100m (2008),and used by the Nizam as a paperweight. There were pearls, too – enough to pave Piccadilly – hundreds of race horses, thousands of uniforms, tonnes of royal regalia and Rolls-Royces by the dozen. Calculating his modern day worth by accounting for inflation, the Nizam was worth $236 billion, making him one of the wealthiest people to have ever lived.
He built the Hyderabad House in Delhi, now used for diplomatic meetings by the Government of India.


On 22 February 1937, Time magazine called the Nizam the richest man in the world. His vast inheritance was accumulated by way of mining royalties rather than land revenue. It should be noted that Hyderabad State in British India was the only supplier of diamonds for the global market in the 19th century.
Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur acceded as Nizam of Hyderabad upon the death of his father in 1911. The state of Hyderabad was the largest of the princely states in pre-independence India. With an area of 86,000 square miles (223,000 km²), it was roughly the size of present-day United Kingdom. Its ruler was the highest-ranking prince in India, was one of only five princes entitled to a 21-gun salute, held the unique title of "Nizam", and was created "His Exalted Highness" and "Faithful Ally of the British Crown" after World War One due to his financial contribution to the British Empire's war effort. (For example, No. 110 Squadron RAFs original complement of DH.9As were Osman Ali's gift. Each aircraft bore an inscription to that effect, and the unit became known as the Hyderabad Squadron.[7]
Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur was the absolute ruler of this principality. In some accounts, he is held to have been a benevolent ruler who patronised education, science and development. His 37-year rule witnessed the introduction of electricity, railways, roads and airways were developed, the Nizamsagar lake in Hyderabad state was excavated and some irrigation projects on the Tungabhadra river were undertaken.
In 1941, Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur started his own bank, the Hyderabad State Bank (now State Bank of Hyderabad) as the state's central bank, which managed the Osmania sikka, the currency of the Hyderabad state. It was the only state which had its own currency, the Hyderabadi rupee, which was different from the rest of India. Banknotes of Hyderabad gives a good reference of the banking of that period.
In 1947, the Nizam made a gift of diamond jewels, including a tiara and necklace, to Princess Elizabeth on the occasion of her marriage. The brooches and necklace from this gift are still worn by the Queen today.[8] –
Nearly all the major public buildings in Hyderabad city, such as the Osmania General Hospital, Andhra Pradesh High Court, Asafiya Library now known as State Central LibraryTown Hall now known as Assembly HallJubilee Hall, Hyderabad Museum, now known as State MuseumNizamia Observatory and many other monuments were built during his reign. Up to 11% of the Nizam's budget was spent on education. Osmania University was founded while schools and colleges and even a "Department for Translation" were set up. Primary education was made compulsory and provided free for the poor. The Nizam (as well as his predecessors) have been criticised for largely ignoring the native languages in favour of Urdu.
Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur donated to many institutions in India and abroad. Recipients included educational institutions such as the Jamia Nizamia, the Darul Uloom Deoband,Banaras Hindu University and Aligarh Muslim University.
Hyderabad was the only state in British India where the ruler was allowed to issue currency notes. A 100 rupee note was introduced in 1918.
He also paid for a Royal Australian Navy vessel, N-class destroyerHMAS Nizam (G38) commissioned in 1940.
Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur lived at King Kothi Palace—bought from a nobleman— during his entire life, after age 13. He never moved to Chowmahalla Palace not even after hisaccession to the throne.

Operation Polo & Abdication

After Indian independence in 1947, the country was partitioned on religious lines and Pakistan was established as a Muslim nation. The princely states were left free to make whatever arrangement they wished with either India or Pakistan. The Nizam ruled over more than 16 million people and 82,698 square miles (214,190 km2) of territory when the British withdrew from the sub-continent in 1947. The Nizam refused to join either India or Pakistan, preferring to form a separate kingdom within the British Commonwealth of nations.
The proposal for independent state was rejected unambiguously by the British government. The Nizam then resolved upon exploring the possibility of independence. Towards this end, he kept up open negotiations with the Government of India regarding the modalities of a future relationship while opening covert negotiations with Pakistan on a similar vein. He also concurrently encouraged the activities of the Razakars. The Nizam cited the Razakars as evidence that the people of the state were opposed to any agreement with India.[citation needed]
As a result, the new Indian government decided to invade and capture Hyderabad in 1948. Under the supervision of Major General Choudhry one division of the Indian army and a tank brigade invaded Hyderabad. The battle was quick and the Nizam's troops and the mercenary soldiers called Razakars gave up easily. However it is estimated that 27,000 to 40,000 civilians were massacred during and following Operation Polo.[9]

Marriages and children[edit]

On 14 April 1906, Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur married Azmathunnisa Begum (Dulhan Pasha Begum) (1889–1955),[10] daughter of Nawab Jahangir Jung, at Eden Bagh now known as Eden Garden at king kothi, hyderabad at the age 21. She was the first of his seven wives and 42 concubines, and the mother of two eldest of his sons Azam Jah and Moazzam Jah. His second wife was Iqbal Begum daughter of Nawab Nazir Jung Bahadur (Mirza Nazir Beg)
The first brother-in-law of Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur was Nawab Khudrath Nawaz Jung son of Nawab Jahangir Jung,Sahebzada Mir Jahangir Ali Khan and younger brother of Dulhan Pasha Begum first wife of Osman Ali Khan
Their eldest son, Azam Jah, was married to Durru Shehvar, daughter of Abdul Mejid II (the last Ottoman Caliph and cousin and heir of the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire). Moazzam Jahmarried Princess Niloufer, a princess of the Ottoman empire.
It has been suggested that through these dynastic marriages, Osman Ali hoped to acquire the Caliphate for his descendants.
Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur had least 149 children, including:
  • Sahebzadi Yawar un-nisa Begum Sahiba (d. in childhood)
  • Sahebzadi Hidayat un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1901–1925)
  • Nizam uddin bahadur (1903–1987)
  • Azam Jah Sahebzada Mir Himayath ali khan (1907–1970)
  • Muazzam Jah Sahebzada Mir Shujayath Ali Khan (1907–1987)
  • Sahebzada Mir Osman 'Ali Khan Bahadur (29 February-30 June 1908)
  • Sahebzada Mir Kazim Ali Khan, Kazim Jah (1912–1952)
  • Sahebzada Mir Abid Ali Khan, Abid Jah (1913–1983)
  • Sahebzada Mir Hashmat Ali Khan, Hashmat Jah (1913–1988)
  • Sahebzada Mir Hashim Ali Khan, Hashim Jah (1913–1991)
  • Sahebzada Mir Taqi Ali KHan, Taqi Jah (1913–1985)
  • Sahebzadi Hurmat un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1913–)
  • Sahebzadi Karim Osman Murat un-nisa Begum (1913–)
  • Sahebzadi Jamal un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1913–1973)
  • Sahebzadi Behbood un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1914–)
  • Sahebzadi Mahmood un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1914–1984)
  • Sahebzada Mir Basharat Ali Kha, Basharat Jah (1915–1991)
  • Sahebzadi Mehar un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1915–1964)
  • Sahebzadi Ghaffoor un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1915–)
  • Sahebzadi Aleem un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1915–)
  • Sahebzadi Nazeer un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1916–1975)
  • Sahebzada Mir Rajjab Ali Khan, Rajjab Jah (1917–1968)
  • Sahebzada Mir Saadat Ali Khan, Sa'adat Jah (1917–1988)
  • Sahebzadi Faruq un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1918–)
  • Sahebzadi Kabir un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1920–)
  • Sahebzadi Masud un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1923–1980)
  • Sahebzadi Asmat un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1924–1979)
  • Sahebzaid Bashir un-nisa Begum Sahiba (1927–)
  • Sahebzadi Ramzani Begum Sahiba (1931–1974)
  • Sahebzada Mir Jawad Ali Khan, Jawad Jah (d. 1936)
  • stillborn son (1938)
  • Sahebzadi Mashadi Begum Sahiba (1939–)
  • Sahebzada Mir Zulfiqar Ali Khan, Zulfiqar Jah (1943–)
  • Sahebzada Mir Imdad Ali Khan, Imdad Jah (1944 – March 4, 2013)
  • Sahebzada Mir Nawazish Ali Khan, Nawazish Jah (1944–2010)
  • Sahebzada Mir Fazal Ali Khan, Fazal Jah (1946–)
  • Sahebzada Mir Bhojat Ali Khan, Bhojat Jah (1947–1982)
  • Sahebzada Mir Shabbir Ali Khan, Shabbir Jah (1948–1985)
  • Sahebzadi Sayida Begum Sahiba Malta (1949–)
  • Sahebzada Wahid Ali Khan (1951–1999)
  • Sahebzada Mohammed Ali Khan
  • Sahebzada Sardar ali Khan
  • Sahebzada Wajid ali Khan

Later life

Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur died on Friday, 24 February 1967. It was the end of a princely era. His funeral procession was one of the largest in Indian history.[citation needed] He had willed that he be buried in the Judi Mosque that faced King Kothi Palace.

Official name and titles

His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamalik, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar-ul-Mulk-Wal-Mamalik, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula Nawab Mir SirMir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Saula, Fateh Jung, Nizam of Hyderabad and of Berar, Knight Grand Commander of The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British EmpireRoyal Victorian Chain, Honorable General in the Army, Faithful Ally of the British Government.
His Exalted Highness was the honorary Colonel of the 20 Deccan Horse. In 1918, Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur was elevated by King George V from His Highness to His Exalted Highness. In a letter dated 24 January 1918, the title Faithful Ally of the British Government was conferred on him.[11]
The titles during his life were:
  • 1886–1911: Nawab Bahadur Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi
  • 1911–1912: His Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Osman 'Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Nizam of HyderabadGCSI
  • 1912–1917: Colonel His Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Osman 'Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad, GCSI
  • 1917–1918: Colonel His Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Osman 'Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad, GCSI, GBE
  • 1918–1936: Lieutenant-General His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Osman 'Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Faithful Ally of the British Government, Nizam of Hyderabad, GCSI, GBE
  • 1936–1941: Lieutenant-General His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Osman 'Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Faithful Ally of the British Government, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar, GCSI, GBE
  • 1941–1967: General His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Osman 'Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Faithful Ally of the British Government, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar, GCSI, GBE


Official title:
His Exalted Highness Rustam-I-Dauran, Arastu-I-Zaman, Lieutenant General, Muzaffar-ul-Mulk WalMamalik, Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur, Fateh Jung, Nizam-ud-Daula, Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah, G.C.S.L, G.B.E., Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar.[12]
British Empire

Special thanks to wiki pedia....

2.His Exalted Highness Prince Mukarram Jah Bahadur, 8th Nizam    
   of Hyderabad

His Exalted Highness Prince Mukarram Jah Bahadur, 8th Nizam of Hyderabad
Interviews and feature stories from American, Australian, British and Indian newspapers and magazines

Chowmahalla Palace exhibit (above) - thrown open to the public in the past few years, Chowmahalla Palace is now one of Hyderabad's foremost cultural and historic attractions
H.E.H Nizam VII with his grandson Sahebzada Mukarram Jah, circa. 1930's & Prince Mukarram Jah on horseback (below)


Born 6 October 1933 in Nice, in France, Prince Mukarram Jah was the heir to possibly the world's biggest private fortune.  The scion of two great dynasties, his maternal grandfather was the last Ottoman Caliph ('Abdu'l-Mijid II) and his paternal grandfather the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad (Osman Ali Khan), widely considered the richest man in the world during his lifetime, amassing a fortune worth a staggering US$210 billion in today's money ( ).  For centuries, the Nizams of Hyderabad had ruled over an area the size of France in southern India, initially governing on behalf of the Mughal Empire but later becoming independent rulers. Eventually, they became closely allied to the British, and were accorded the status of premier princely state in all of India.

Nizam VIII after his lavish coronation at Chowmahalla Palace in Hyderabad in 1967 (above).  Chowmahalla Palace today, after loving and faithful restorations (below).

 Hyderabad sirfhamara

After Indian Independence in 1947, the Nizam refused to join the Indian Union.  But his forces were no match for the Indian Army which invaded Hyderabad state in 1948, forcibly annexing the territory in an operation dubbed "Operation Polo".  The kingdom of the Nizams was no more, but the 7th Nizam was nevertheless allowed to keep most of his assets, including his palaces, servants, and private fortune.
Prince Mukarram Jah was crowned the 8th Nizam of Hyderabad in 1967 following the death of Osman Ali Khan.  In the 1970's when the Indian Government abolished princely titles, privileges and privy purses, the 8th Nizam took the momentous decision to settle in Australia, to carve out the life of a "gentleman farmer".

The Statesman (Indian newspaper) - September 1970 cover stories on the abolition of princely privileges - "Lok Sabha Votes Privy Purses Bill - Concept of Rulership Abolished" & "Princely Era Fades into History - President Withdraws Recognition - Immediate Abolition of Purses, Privileges"

The 8th Nizam of Hyderabad's love affair with Australia began in 1972 when he visited the city of Perth in Western Australia for the very first time, and was attracted by the peace and quiet, the people, and the open spaces.  A short while later, he purchased a half-million-acre sheep farm near the town of Kalbarri known as Murchison House Station (600km north of Perth).  He met and married an Australian woman (Helen Simmons), who bore him two sons.  In 1978 he acquired a luxury mansion in West Perth (known as Havelock House).  Helen Simmons sadly passed away in 1989.  Later, his sheep farm and Havelock House were sold off.  The 8th Nizam or "Prince Jah" now lives unpretentiously in Turkey, preferring the "simple life" of the common man.  His periodic visits to Hyderabad are eagerly anticipated by his innumerable loyal subjects. He and his first wife Princess Esra are universally admired for spearheading the comprehensive and costly restorations to the historic palaces of Chowmahalla and Falaknuma, preserving for future generations these glorious heirlooms of the Nizams of Hyderabad.  In recognition of these efforts,Chowmahalla Palace won the prestigious UNESCO Heritage Conservation Award in September 2010, edging out tough competition.

Whilst living in Australia, the 8th Nizam of Hyderabad granted interviews to a number of newspapers, some of which you may read below.

[ Nizam of Hyderabad's full title - Lieutenant-General His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VIII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Barakat 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Faithful Ally of the British Government, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar ]

The New York Times newspaper (August 17, 1967) - "Ex-Employees of Nizam in India Protest Economy-Drive Ouster"

The West Australian newspaper (Friday, February 24, 1984) - "Meet Mr Jah: A princely fortune in his sights" & "The Two Lives of the Nizam of Hyderabad"

Garden Living Western Australia (January 1987 edition) - "Princess of West Perth" - article about Nizam of Hyderabad's West Perth mansion (Havelock House) and his wife Princess Ayesha Jah (a.k.a. Helen Simmons)


The West Australian newspaper (Saturday, February 3, 1990) - "Nizam feels the squeeze over 'petty' claims" & "Even princes feel the pinch"

The West Australian newspaper (Tuesday, October 30, 1990) - "Prince strikes at his critics"

Sunday Times (Perth) newspaper (April 4, 1993) - "AIDS death stunned prince" ; "A 'good bloke' turns his back on fabled Raj" ; "Prince prefers the simple life"


Sunday Times (Perth) newspaper (April 16, 1995) - "Baby not mine: Prince" & "Prince prefers flies and a lonely station"
Prince Mukarram Jah liked to avoid controversy but the Australian tabloids had a habit of sensationalising events!

Sunday Times (Perth) newspaper - "For sale - The Treasures of the Moguls"

Excerpts from Gregsons Auctioneers catalogue for auction on 1st December 1995 - "The Nizam of Hyderabad - The Chattels from the Havelock Street, West Perth, Ex-Residence" -



HISTORICAL FLASHBACK - Death of the 6th Nizam of Hyderabad in 1911
The New York Times newspaper (August 30, 1911) - "Nizam of Hyderabad Dead - Premier Prince of Indian Empire Had Annual Income of $10,000,000"

Letter of condolence from the Viceroy of India, Baron Hardinge to Mir Osman Ali Khan, on the demise of his father, and offering congratulations on his accession to the throne


Nizam of Hyderabad Parure is a legendary Diamond Necklace and Tiara, a coronation gift from the Nizam of Hyderabad to H.M. Queen Elizabeth II of England. This wonderful tiara does not exist anymore. Made by Cartier and later broken up to be used in a new setting, in the Burmese Ruby Rose Tiara, crafted by Court jeweller Garrard.

A first-hand account of the 7th Nizam's Silver Jubilee celebrations of February 1937 by Yusuf Ali
(from "Searching for Solace - A Biography of Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Interpreter of the Qur'an" by M.A. Sherif, pp. 107-108)
"Under my rule there are no high and low, touchables and untouchables, and this has been the tradition of my House; rank and position depend upon virtue and merit alone.' - 7th Nizam's speech at Jubilee Hall in Hyderabad


Courtesy from great Hyderabad Nawabs.....

8th Nizam of Hyderabad Guestbook

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